When Do Women Stop Having Periods

The start of periods for a girl implies that they now have a childbearing capacity. The average age when menses begins is 12 years. The fertility of a woman declines as the woman grows old. The menstrual cycle is controlled by two hormones, estrogen and progesterone. The normal cycle takes 27-35 days. Womens discharge after period is normal depending on the color, and it should not be a cause for alarm. There are instances when periods stops either for a short or long term. The absence of the menstrual period is referred to as amenorrhea. When and why do women stop having periods?

Pregnancy and breastfeeding

When menstruation suddenly stops for a sexually active female, it may mean they are expectant mothers. The menses stops until the baby is born and breastfeeding the baby may delay the return of periods. Several women may experience irregular periods when lactating and if contraceptives fail they may again get pregnant.


Sexually active women may use birth control methods to avoid unplanned pregnancies. Some of these methods may make the periods stop or make them irregular. Intrauterine device (IUD), Depo-Provera and some pills cause menstrual periods to stop.

Hormonal imbalances

When there is no hormonal balance, the menses may stop either permanently or temporarily. What causes hormonal imbalances? There are several causes such as Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome and overactive or underactive thyroid gland. Problems with the pituitary gland and the nervous system may cause amenorrhea.

Health problems

Medical conditions can affect the production of the hormones leading to amenorrhea. Radiation to the pelvis is one problem that may affect ovaries. Some conditions require surgical processes which involve removal of one or more ovaries. The processes cause reduction in estrogen and progesterone levels. The conditions that may trigger such processes are severe pelvic inflammatory diseases, uterine cancer, ovarian cancer and pelvic masses. Heart disease, cancer chemotherapy, blood pressure drugs and antidepressants may cause amenorrhea.


It is a process whereby women of between 45-55 years naturally stop having periods forever. One is considered to have reached menopause if they have not experienced periods for 12 consecutive months. The ovaries run out of eggs, and the estrogen levels of the woman drop. The women in menopause do not use tampons and cannot get pregnant. Girls that start menstrual cycle early do not necessarily get into menopause early. Factors that affect the menopause age are women who smoke, family history of type 1 diabetes, the number of children one has and the kind of birth control one has been using.

Lifestyle changes and eating disorders

Sudden weight loss and also being obese are other factors that may cause amenorrhea. Eating disorders such as bulimia and anorexia affect menstrual periods due to long-term malnutrition that causes low hormone levels. Stress is a condition that affects the functioning of hypothalamus a brain area that controls hormones which trigger the mentsration cycle.

Problems with the sexual organs structure

Some of the problems include vaginal abnormality, uterine scarring and lack of some reproductive organs. The above conditions may cause periods to stop for a short or long term.